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Biblical Theology


This track of SoCM classes on Biblical Theology will take us through a two-year learning journey, where all participants will be encouraged to read through the entire Bible. We will begin with the NT for the first year and then read the OT in the second year through the lens of Jesus as the fulfilling Messiah of the nation of Israel. At the end of the course, all participants should be able to achieve the following learning outcomes:

  1. Develop skills to read, interpret and apply the Bible
  2. Gain an overall understanding of the primary message from each book of the Bible
  3. Trace and connect major doctrinal developments (e.g., the Gospel) within the historical flow of the text from OT to NT.

Sunday Adult Classe are held on the 2nd and 4th Sundays of each month by zoom starting at 2pm. The link will be sent by ORPC's Whatapp Broadcast

9 January 2022

Revelation - Living in the light of Christ's second coming

The Book of Revelation is recognized as apocalyptic literature, narrating a prophet’s symbolic visions that revealed God’s heavenly perspective on human history and current events so that the present could be viewed in light of history’s final outcome.

Part 1, Part 2

28 November

1-3 John - To know Jesus is to know the God of Love

The epistles of John reflect the language and style of the gospel of John. Writing in old age and serving as an overseer of house churches in Ephesus, John address a specific crisis. Apparently, some members have left the church and denied Jesus as Messiah (1 Jn 2:18-23; 4:1-3). They even stirred hostility among those who remained in the church. Thus, the letters provide a window to the challenges that John faced in those churches. 
1 John serves as a prescription to the crisis, while 2 and 3 John focus on the particulars. Nonetheless, these letters were written to assure believers, who remained with the church that God is still with them. John does so by focusing on repeated themes about life, truth, and love in knowing Jesus Christ. 

14 November

1 & 2 Peter - Hope in the mids of Suffering

Peter's two letters offer different emphases, though both focus on the blessings that the death of Christ brings to a sinful world.

24 October

James - Do what the word says
The letter of James is intensly practical and focus on getting Christian to consistenly live out the faith they proclaim. Writing as a pastor, the letter of James is a series of brief sermons or homilies, that James packages into one letter.

10 October Hebrews - The Superiority of Christ
The letter to the Hebrews is an impassionate plea that the readers, who were predominately Jewish converts, must not turn away from Christ and return to their former ways (i.e. Judaism or paganism). The author does so by arguing for the superiority of Jesus Christ, as God’s exalted Son, final revelation, eternal priest, and perfect sacrifice.
In spite of intense persecution, these followers of Jesus should follow the great models of faith in the past and remain faithful to Jesus. Thus, one of the most important contributions of Hebrews is its balance of continuity and advance in relating the OT and NT to each other.
26 September

The reader enters Paul’s letter to Philemon without being provided with the backstory. The traditional interpretation of the letter views it as Paul’s request for Philemon to welcome back Philemon’s slave Onesimus. Another interpretation suggests that Onesimus was not a fugitive but had committed some misdeed and sought out Paul to intercede for him with his master. One thing is clear: meeting Paul in prison resulted in Onesimus becoming a Christian. What is the meaning of the letter for us today? The inclusion of this incident in the New Testament canon reveals how the Christian faith breaks down what seems to be insurmountable social walls.

12 September Pastoral Epistles Applying the Gospel for Christian Living
Paul's letters to Timothy and Titus are known as the “Pastoral Epistles” (PE). However, they are more than a simple manual of church practice. They are Paul’s attempts to address specific situations in the ministry contexts of Timothy and Titus. At the heart of these letters is Paul’s concern for “sound” doctrine (1 Tim 1:10; 6:3; 2 Tim 1:13; Titus 1:9). Paul uses the term “sound’ to refer to teaching rooted in the gospel that produces healthy or wholesome living. Thus, the unique contribution of the PE is applying theology to address issues related to church organization, leadership, relationships, and families within the household of God. Paul’s message is 
that every situation or issue must be addressed theologically.
22 August

2 Thessalonians: Living in Hope of Jesus’ Return 
Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians shares similar concerns of the first letter. For example, Paul commends the church for enduring persecution (1:3-12). He also continues his focus on eschatology or the meaning of the “day of the Lord.” There are similarities in how both letters describe the day of the Lord—e.g., that day involves surprise and judgment for unbelievers but anticipation and vindication for believers. However, in 2 Thessalonians, Paul clarifies the topic and comforts the church, which was frightened by a false claim about the day of the Lord. Lastly, Paul instructs the church on how to deal with its idle members (3:1-15). 

8 August

1 Thessalonians

Living in the Light of Christ's Second Coming

The Apostle Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians in AD 50-51 during his 18-month ministry in Corinth. Except for the possibility of an early date for Galatians (AD 48), this letter represents one of Paul's earliest canonical letters.
In response to Timothy's reported concerns about the church, Paul wrote the letter to address several issues.

  • First, Paul wrote to defend attacks on his personal integrity. Non-Christians accused Paul of impure and selfish motives with regard to his ministry.
  • Secondly, Paul wrote to encourage believers, who were being persecuted for their faith in Christ (2:14, 3:1-5).
  • Lastly, but most importantly, Paul wrote to comfort his readers about the fate of both deceased (4: 12-18) and living (5:1-11) beliers at Christ's return.
25 July Colossians

The church was in dange of becoming extinct, because it was trapped in an error that Paul calls an outside "philosophy" (2:8, 16-23), which treatened their assurance. This error was not a heresy or some kind of false doctrine. The most one can say is that the error devalued Christ's supremacy and the adequacy of salvation thorugh him. 

The congregation, therefore, needed encourangement about the certainty of their faith. Against this treat, Paul argues for the all-sufficiency of Christ


11 July


Paul wrote his letter to the Philippians to acknowledge the gifts from them (4:10-19). Along the way, he also urges two individuals to be reconciled to one another (4:1-3). One of the key features of this letter is the so-called hymn of Christ (2:5-11). This, along with John 1:1-18, is one of the most exalted statements about Jesus’ divinity and pre-existence in the New Testament. Thus, Phil 2:5-11 is a brief account of the gospel.

However, the letter is not primarily about doctrine. Rather, Paul also focuses on such Christian virtues like humility and unity (1:27-2:4), knowing Christ (3:8-11), and joy (1:4, 25; 2:2, 29; 4:1). Paul's main burden in writing is to describe what the gospel looks like in real life.

9 May,
23 May

Christian Identity, the Church, and Mission 
Paul's letter to the Ephesians is probally the least situational of all his  letters, because it does not explicitly address any specific problem. As a circular letter, it is a manifesto to the church, describing its identity: who it is, how it came about, how it must conduct itself, and its mission within Christ's sovereign rule. 
A major theme of reconciliation between Jew and Gentile is developed. Paul draws out the implications of living as God's reconciled people and addresses how the church functions with God's grand vision of peace and unity in the world. 
Chapters 1-3 present the foundational story of how the church understands its identity in Christ.
Chapters 4-6 exhorts the church to live out its calling in the world. 
Part 1 (9 May), Part 2 (23 May)

11 April,
25 April


Paul's letter to the galations addresses a situation in church Paul's Gentile converts are being told by a new group of teachers that in order to be fully intergreted into God's covenant people they need to enter into the Mosiac covenant by circumcision. Having to defend his apostleship and message, Paul explains the origins of his theology by giving us his biography (chapters 1-2). He then gives us his theology and argues that this gospel is what creates the new, multi-ethnic family of Jesus and Abraham (chapter 3-4). Lastly, he gives us the application and shows how this gospel truely transforms people by the presence and power of the Spirit (chapters 5-6)

Part 1 (11 April), Part 2 (25 April)

14 March,
28 March

2 Corinthians

Paul wrote his second letter to the Corinthians with a couple of purposes in mind, namely,

  1. to express his great relief that the Corinthians responded positively to his first “severe letter” that Titus had delivered (2:9-14; 7:5-16); and
  2. to encourage the Corinthians to complete the collection they promised to take for believers at Jerusalem before his next visit (8:6-11; 9:3-5). 

In essence, Paul had one overriding aim: to pave the way for his planned third visit so that it would be free of embarrassment and trouble. Although not considered a part of the “pastoral epistles,” this letter provides insights to Paul, as he provided pastoral care to a community of believers facing various Challenges.

Part 1 (14 March 2021), Part 2 (28 March 2021)

14 Feb, 
28 Feb

1 Corinthians

Paul wrote his first letter to the Corinthians to address 2 main concerns: conflict within the congregation and allowing the pagan values of the Greco-Roman society to infiltrate the church
5 themes are connected with congregational conflict: church leaders, lawsuits, the Lord's Supper, spiritual gifts, and Stephanas & Apollos
7 themes are associated with cultural compromise: incest, sexual immorality, marriage, the unmarried, dining in pagan temples, head coverings, and bodily resurrection.
What connects all these subjects in the gospel. Paul applies some aspect of the gospel in dealing with teach problem.

Part 1 (14 Feb 2021), Part 2 (28 Feb 2021)

24 Jan Romans

Paul’s letter to the Romans is considered by many as one of the most important theological treatises ever produced. It is the very “center” of the Bible

Martin Luther writes, “Romans is worthy not only that every Christian should know it word for word, by heart, but occupy himself with it every day, as the daily bread of the soul. It can never be read or pondered too much, and the more it is dealt with the more precious it becomes, and the better it tastes” (Luther 1522)

10 Jan

Luke's 2nd installment continues to assure his reader of the truth of Christianity and to defend the church as the authentic people of God

22 Nov

The 4 Gospels
The fact that we have 4 gospel accounts does not mean that we have 4 gospels. We only have the (one) gospel according to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John!

25 Oct, 
8 Nov
The Gospel of John
The purpose of John's gospel is clearly stated in 20:30-31 in that John presents specific signs - significant displays of power that point to Jesus as the Son of God. So, if we percive Jesus with the eyes of faith, we can see deeper spiritual realities concerning is identity and the eternal life which he offers. 
25 Oct - Part 1 & 8 Nov - Part 2
27 Sep &11 Oct

The Gospel of Luke
The gospel of Luke is the first installment of the 2 volume work of Luke-Acts. Luks's account describes the good news in terms of God's work in the person, live, death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ.The second volume points to the power fo the gospel in forming a renewed people of God.
27 Sep - Part 1 & 11 Oct - Part 2

13 Sep The Gospel of Mark
Mark’s gospel—presumably, the first in chronological order—focuses on the identity Jesus Christ. 
16 & 23 Aug

The Kingdom of God in Biblical Theology in Matthew
What is the Kingdom of God? With emphesis what Matthew says
16 August - Part 1  & 23 August - Part 2

26 July

Bible Interpretation and Application
How do we interpret the bible correctly?

12 July

Introduction to Biblical Theology
An intruction to what Biblical Theology is illustrated by looking at the gospel in the Bible's storyline.

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